Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway
Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway (QA&P), known as the “Quanah Route”, was a 117-mile freight railroad that ran between the Red River (on the Oklahoma-Texas state line) and Floydada, Texas, from 1902 until it was merged into the Burlington Northern Railroad (BN) in 1981. The line was incorporated as the Acme, Red River and Northern Railway in May of 1902. The original plans were to extend the line 500 miles from the Red River to El Paso, Texas, but this never came about. The railroad assumed the name of the Quanah, Acme and Pacific in January of 1909, after the Texas town of Quanah, where the QA&P maintained their office. In 1911, the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway (Frisco) acquired control of the QA&P. In 1913, the 8-mile long Motley County Railroad was begun with money from over 90 investors. The line went through unfenced ranch lands in Motley County and joined the QA&P at Roaring Springs. This track continued in operation until until 1936. Stops on the QA&P included Red River, Carnes, Quanah, Acme, Lazare, Swearingen, Paducah, Narcisso, Summit (Motley County), Russellville, Roaring Springs, MacBain, Dougherty, Boothe Spur, and Floydada. The QA&P's traffic was mostly overhead freight between the Frisco at Red River and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AT&SF) at Floydada, and some general commodities. Beginning in the 1960s the QLA freight train via Floydada was scheduled to arrive Los Angeles 38-1/2 to 40 hours after leaving Tulsa. The railroad's traffic declined after 1973 when overhead trade took a shorter route via Avard, Oklahoma. The QA&P reported 8 million ton-miles of revenue freight on 91 miles of line in 1925; in 1944 it had 51 million and in 1967 130 million, both on 120 route-miles. In June of 1981, the QA&P was merged by owner Burlington Northern Railroad, which had previously merged the QA&P's corporate parent, the Frisco, in November of 1980. The BN abandoned the old QA&P line west of Paducah in 1982. The BN then merged with the AT&SF at the end of 1996 to form the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway (later renamed BNSF Railway), and was owned by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation. That corporation was bought by Berkshire Hathaway in 2009 and is controlled by investor Warren Buffett.
The St. Louis, San Francisco and Texas Railway (SLSF&T) was a subsidiary railway to the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway (Frisco) and operated 159 miles of railway line in Texas. In January of 1964, the Frisco merged the subsidiary St. Louis, San Francisco, and Texas Railway Company, into the parent company. This gave the Frisco three lines from the Red River into Texas, one serving Paris, one through Denison and Sherman to Dallas and Fort Worth, and one to Quanah. The Quanah line, however, was operated under lease by another Frisco subsidiary, the Quanah, Acme and Pacific. The Frisco, including the subsidiary, formed a large X-shaped system across the states of Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama. It merged into SLSF at the beginning of 1964; SLSF merged into the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1980, BN merged with AT&SF in 1996 forming BNSF.